2014/13 LEM Working Paper Series
International Migration and School Enrollment of the Left-Behinds in Albania: A Note

Marina Mastrorillo, Giorgio Fagiolo
Migration; Left-behinds; Albania; Enrollment; Education

  JEL Classifications
F22; O15; I25

We study the impact of international migration on enrollment of the left-behinds in Albania using the 2008 and 2012 Living Standard Measurement Survey. We employ a 2-stage Probit model controlling for endogeneity with an instrumental-variable approach. We find that migration has a negative and significant impact on enrollment in both waves. This result holds across different sub-samples and alternative ways to proxy within-household migration. Our findings strengthen results for previous years and cast doubts on the effectiveness of recent educational reforms and migration-oriented policies in Albania.
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