|2003/06||LEM Working Paper Series|
How Provincial is your Region? Effects on Labour Productivity in Europe
Alfonso Gambardella, Myriam Mariani and Salvatore Torrisi
Openness, labour productivity, agglomeration economies, technology, European regions.
O18, O30, O47, R11
This paper estimates the determinants of labour productivity in European NUTS regions during 1989-1996. We compare three potential explanations of regional advantages: Technological capabilities (proxied by regional patents), agglomeration economies (employment density), and openness. To study the latter we use the number of airplane passengers embarked and disembarked in the region, and found that this is a meaningful index for the openness of the regions. By using instrumental variables, we confirm existing results that patents and employment density affect labour productivity. Our novel finding is that openness affects labour productivity as well.